Business plan pricing policy in economics

When setting individual prices, decision-makers require a solid understanding of pricing economics, notably break-even analysis[6] as well as an appreciation of the psychological aspects of consumer decision-making including reservation pricesceiling prices and floor prices.

Analyze how prices change through the interaction of buyers and sellers in a market including the role of supply, demand, equilibrium, elasticity, and explain how incentives monetary and non-monetary affect choices of households and economic organizations. Where a firm sets the price of one good deliberately high to encourage demand for a lower price.

Loss Leaders This involves setting a low price on some products to entice customers into the shop where hopefully they will also buy other goods as well.

Pricing Policy: Meaning, Objectives and Factors

In some cases, prices might be set to de-market. The price rigidity is the practice of many producers. Sensitivity to price change will vary from consumer to consumer. This is the logic behind price discrimination. In practice, it can be difficult to work this out precisely.

While economy pricing is incredibly effective for large companies like Wal-Mart and Target, the technique can be dangerous for small businesses. In the long run, after sufficiently penetrating a market, companies often wind up raising their prices to better reflect the state of their position within the market.

But in the long run, all costs must be covered.


While the actual price of goods or services may vary in response to different conditions, the broad approach to pricing i.

Pricing strategies to help determine the price Average cost pricing. For related reading, see: The main disadvantage of the high-low tactic is that consumers tend to become aware of the price cycles and time their purchases to coincide with a low-price cycle.

In economic terms, it is a price that shifts most of the consumer economic surplus to the producer. In perfect competition, the individual producers have no discretion in pricing. The longer a small start-up survives, the more data it will acquire on supply and demand, price elasticity, marginal revenues and marginal costs, and other important data.

From the marketer's point of view, an efficient price is a price that is very close to the maximum that customers are prepared to pay. Instead of discounting, premium brands are more likely to offer customer value through price-bundling or give-aways.

pricing strategy

This involves setting an artificially high price to be able to later offer discounts on previously advertised price.

Know Your Competitors Although accurate, detailed information about your potential consumers and competitors may be difficult to obtain, first-hand observation of activity in your competitor's establishment, talking to potential customers and watching customer traffic and volume through the week and at various times of the day will give you a rough idea of what the new business may be up against.

What will determine the most effective pricing strategy? This approach is widely used in situations where customer switching costs are relatively high such as in home loans and financial investsments.

Pricing Strategy Examples

Loss leader[ edit ] A loss leader is a product that has a price set below the operating margin.While there are some common pricing methods used by business planners to set pricing strategies for startup businesses, none of them work that well, and none of them are automatic or easy.

In my 30 years of working with entrepreneurs I've learned to recognize what make a good pricing strategy. Pricing is magic. They don't teach much about pricing in business schools because good pricing is one of those concepts that you recognize when you see it, but is hard to define.

While there are. The business plan is a communications tool to inform and influence the reader towards some action – providing a loan, extending credit or investing in your business.

Your business plan provides some guideposts in running your. Commonly, in business plans, the pricing strategy has been to be the lowest price provider in the market. This approach comes from taking a quick view of competitors and assuming you can win business by having the lowest price.

The strategic decision in pricing a new product is the choice between (1) a policy of high initial prices that skim the cream of demand and (2) a policy of low prices from the outset serving as an active agent for market penetration. 4) Fine-tune and adapt your general pricing policy in response to trends, industry practices and new innovative pricing strategies to help solidify your competitive position within the marketplace.

Business plan pricing policy in economics
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