The dominance of indian culture and art during the mughai monarchs of the 16th and 17th centuries

Powhatanthe leader for whom the indigenous alliance was named, observed that the region was experiencing a third year of severe drought; dendrochronology the study of tree rings indicates that this drought ultimately spanned seven years and was the worst in eight centuries. This was called his talluqa or his zamindari.

Contributions of the Mughals to Indian Culture and Polity: An Introduction

The peasant was not disposed from his land as long as he paid the land revenue. Read this article to learn about the rural society during mughal period! He built a series of forts, the most famous of which is the fort at Agra. He knew more about Indian life, culture and government than virtually anyone else in the Company.

Persian or Central Asian influence can be seen in the glazed blue tiles used for decoration in the walls or for tiling the roofs. These factors combined to bring the HEIC to near bankruptcy.

It was not difficult for an enterprising group of people to settle a new village or to bring under cultivation the wastelands belonging to a village and become the owners of these lands. At that time the agricultural Pueblo Indians lived in some 70 compact towns, while the hinterlands were home to the nomadic ApachesNavajosand others whose foraging economies were of little interest to the Spanish.

The Mughals also maintained various river fleets of Dhowswhich transported soldiers over rivers and fought rebels. Even the Harmandir of the Sikhs, called the Golden Temple at Amritsar which was rebuilt several times during the period was built on the arch and dome principle incorporated many features of the Mughal traditions of architecture.

Lawrence and the Ottawa rivers. Babur was very fond of gardens and laid out a few in the neighbourhood of Agra and Lahore. For a period of time the new weapons enabled the Huron confederacy to gain the upper hand against the Iroquois, who did not gain access to European goods as quickly as their foes.


Such actions may have been customary among the Southeast Indians at this time—diplomatic customs in many cultures have included holding nobles hostage as a surety against the depredations of their troops. Some indigenous communities relocated to Catholic missions in order to avail themselves of the protection offered by resident priests, while others coalesced into defensible groups or fled to remote areas.

The situation was further complicated by the French custom, soon adopted by the English, of providing native communities with gifts on a seasonal or annual basis. The cotton textile industry was responsible for a large part of the empire's international trade. The medium of instruction usually was Persian or Arabic.

Jahangir and Jahan Jahangir Akbar's son, Emperor Jahangir, readopted Islam as the state religion and continued the policy of religious toleration. Their work was seasonal and often they had a small family plot of land for cultivation. Mautmid Khan completed it and also wrote Ikbalanama-i-Jahangiri.


A Marxist school led by Irfan Habib and based at Aligarh Muslim University emphasises excessive exploitation of the peasantry by the rich, which stripped away the will and the means to support the regime. Bible was translated in it. In south India, Malayalam started its literary career as a separate language in its own right.

However, the living standards of the larger zamindars might have approached those of petty rajas or nobles. The Mughals also protected the Siddis of Janjira. Akbar worked hard to win over the hearts and minds of the Hindu leaders. For example, non-Muslims were not forced to obey Islamic law as was the case in many Islamic landsand Hindus were allowed to regulate themselves through their own law and institutions.

The proposals alienated the City and the "nabobs" who had returned to England. The public made their own arrangements for the education of their children and considering the age and circumstances of the time, the arrangements were fairly satisfactory.

The Pahari School continued the Rajasthani styles and played an important role in its development. Many of the priests were hearty supporters of the Inquisition, and their pastoral forays were often violent; beatings, dismemberment, and execution were all common punishments for the supposed heresies committed by Native Americans.

Jahan brought together fresh ideas in the creation of the Taj. The master-craftsmen called ustads grew both economically and socially during this period.

It had no department of education and did not allocate a portion of the public revenue for the spread of literacy. North America and Europe circa The population of Native America Scholarly estimates of the pre-Columbian population of Northern America have differed by millions of individuals: Akbar took a close personal interest in the work of construction both at Agra and Fatehpur Sikri.

Recognizing that it is difficult to determine precisely how many ethnic or political groups or polities were present in 15th-century Northern America, most researchers favour relative rather than specific quantification of these entities.

Nepal was more troublesome. Although its explorers sighted the coast of California inSpain did not colonize that area until the second part of the 18th century. There were three main classes of peasants.

A leading Mughal noble, Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khanan, produced a fine blend of Bhakti poetry with Persian ideas of life and human relations.Painting of the Mughal Period Mughal miniature painting was a blend of Persian and Indian styles that developed in Mughal courts between the 16th and 19th centuries.

Learning Objectives. During the 16th and 17th centuries, in particular at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire was a powerful multinational, multilingual empire controlling much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia, the Caucasus, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.

Mughal architecture Mughal architecture, an amalgam of Islamic, Persian, Turkish and Indian architecture, is the distinctive style developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries in what is now India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.

It is symmetrical and decorative in style. Rural Society during Mughal Period | Indian History. During the 16th and 17th centuries, 85 per cent of India’s population lived in rural areas.

The largest section in the village consisted of peasants or cultivators. There were three main classes of peasants. The Indian artisans were not opposed to new techniques.

Cultural Life during the Mughal Period | Indian History Article shared by: Read this article to learn about the system of education, literature, arts. Mughal dynasty, Mughal also spelled Mogul, Arabic Mongol, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the midth century.

After that time it continued to exist as a considerably reduced and increasingly powerless entity until the midth century.

The dominance of indian culture and art during the mughai monarchs of the 16th and 17th centuries
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